DNA-damage inducible protein 1 is a conserved metacaspase substrate that is cleaved and further destabilized in yeast under specific metabolic conditions.
Bouvier, L. A., Niemirowicz, G. T., Salas-Sarduy, E., Cazzulo, J. J. and Alvarez, V. E.
Instituto de Investigaciones Biotecnologicas - Instituto Tecnologico de Chascomus (IIB-INTECH), Universidad Nacional de San Martin (UNSAM) - Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas (CONICET), Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Metacaspases, distant relatives of metazoan caspases, have been shown to participate in programmed cell death in plants and in progression of the cell cycle and removal of protein aggregates in unicellular eukaryotes. However, since natural proteolytic substrates have scarcely been identified to date, their roles in these processes remain unclear. Here, we report that the DNA-damage inducible protein 1 (Ddi1) represents a conserved protein substrate for metacaspases belonging to divergent unicellular eukaryotes (trypanosomes and yeasts). We show that although the recognized cleavage sequence is not identical among the different model organisms tested, in all of them the proteolysis consequence is the removal of the ubiquitin-associated domain (UBA) present in the protein. We also demonstrate that Ddi1 cleavage is tightly regulated in vivo as it only takes place in yeast when calcium increases but under specific metabolic conditions. Finally, we show that metacaspase-mediated Ddi1 cleavage reduces the stability of this protein which can certainly impact on the many functions ascribed for it, including shuttle to the proteasome, cell cycle control, late secretory pathway regulation, among others.
FEBS Journal 285(6): 1097-1110 (2018)