Mesorhizobium sanjuanii sp. nov., isolated from nodules of Lotus tenuis in the saline-alkaline lowlands of Flooding Pampa, Argentina.
Sannazzaro, A. I., Torres Tejerizo, G., Fontana, M. F., Cumpa Velasquez, L. M., Hansen, L. H., Pistorio, M. and Estrella, M. J.
1IIB-INTECH (Instituto de Investigaciones Biotecnologicas - Instituto Tecnologico Chascomus), CCT-La Plata, CONICET - Universidad Nacional de San Martin - Avenida Intendente Marino, Km 8.2, (7130) Chascomus, Argentina.
2IBBM (Instituto de Biotecnologia y Biologia Molecular), CCT-La Plata, CONICET, Departamento de Ciencias Biologicas, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Calles 47 y 115 (1900) La Plata, Argentina.
3Department of Environmental Science, Aarhus University, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark.
Two rhizobial strains, BSA136(T) and BSA150, related to the genus Mesorhizobium were isolated from root nodules of Lotus tenuis grown in saline-alkaline lowlands soil from Argentina. These strains showed different repetitive element palindromic PCR fingerprinting patterns but shared more than 99 % sequence similarity for both 16S rRNA and recA genes. Despite the symbiotic nodC gene sequences of our strains being related to the canonical Lotus biovar species comprising Mesorhizobium loti and Mesorhizobium japonicum, the 16S rRNA phylogenetic marker suggests that their taxonomical identities are closely related to Mesorhizobium helmanticense, Mesorhizobium metallidurans, Mesorhizobium thianshanense, Mesorhizobium gobiense and Mesorhizobium tarimense. Multilocus sequence analysis performed with seven housekeeping genes confirmed that BSA136(T) belongs to a separate clade within the genus Mesorhizobium. The results of comparisons for in silico DNA-DNA hybridization and average nucleotide identity indexes between the genomes of BSA136(T) and closest-related Mesorhizobium species were below the threshold for species delineation. Phenotypic features differentiated BSA136(T) from its closest-related species. On the basis of our results, BSA136(T) and BSA150 can be considered to represent a novel species of the genus Mesorhizobium, for which the name Mesorhizobium sanjuanii sp. nov. is hereby proposed. The type strain of this species is BSA136(T) (=CECT 9305(T)=LMG 30060(T)), for which the draft genome sequence is available.
International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 68(9): 2936-2942 (2018)