Redox homeostasis in the growth zone of the rice leaf plays a key role in cold tolerance.
Gazquez, A., Abdelgawad, H., Baggerman, G., Van Raemdonck, G., Asard, H., Maiale, S. J., Rodriguez, A. A. and Beemster, G. T. S.
Laboratory for Integrated Molecular Plant Physiology Research (IMPRES), Department of Biology, University of Antwerp, Groenenborgerlaan 171, 2020 Antwerp, Belgium.
Laboratorio de Fisiologia de Estres Abiotico en Plantas, Unidad de Biotecnologia 1, IIB-INTECH - CONICET - UNSAM, Chascomus, Argentina.
Department of Botany and Microbiology, Science Faculty, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef, Egypt.
Centre for Proteomics (CFP) Core Facility, University of Antwerp, Groenenborgerlaan 171, 2020 Antwerp, Belgium.
Systemic Physiological & Ecotoxicological Research (SPHERE), Department of Biology, University of Antwerp, Groenenborgerlaan 171, 2020 Antwerp, Belgium.
Flemish Institute for Technological Research (VITO), Mol, Belgium.
We analysed the cellular and molecular changes in the leaf growth zone of tolerant and sensitive rice varieties in response to suboptimal temperatures. Cold reduced the final leaf length by 35% and 51% in tolerant and sensitive varieties, respectively. Tolerant lines exhibited a smaller reduction of the leaf elongation rate and greater compensation by an increased duration of leaf growth. Kinematic analysis showed that cold reduced cell production in the meristem and the expansion rate in the elongation zone, but the latter was compensated for by a doubling of the duration of cell expansion. We performed iTRAQ proteome analysis on proliferating and expanding parts of the leaf growth zone. We identified 559 and 542 proteins, of which 163 and 210 were differentially expressed between zones, and 96 and 68 between treatments, in the tolerant and sensitive lines, respectively. The categories protein biosynthesis and redox homeostasis were significantly overrepresented in the up-regulated proteins. We therefore measured redox metabolites and enzyme activities in the leaf growth zone, demonstrating that tolerance of rice lines to suboptimal temperatures correlates with the ability to up-regulate enzymatic antioxidants in the meristem and non-enzymatic antioxidants in the elongation zone.
J Exp Bot 71(3): 1053-1066 (2020)