The dynamics of picocyanobacteria from a hypereutrophic shallow lake is affected by light-climate and small-bodied zooplankton: a 10-year cytometric time-series analysis.
Quiroga, M. V., Huber, P., Ospina-Serna, J., Diovisalvi, N., Odriozola, M., Cueto, G. R., Lagomarsino, L., Fermani, P., Bustingorry, J., Escaray, R., Zagarese, H. and Unrein, F.
Instituto Tecnologico de Chascomus (INTECH), Universidad Nacional de San Martin-Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas, Av. Intendente Marino Km 8.200, (7130) Chascomus, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Instituto Nacional de Limnologia (INALI), Universidad Nacional del Litoral-Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas, Ciudad Universitaria, Paraje El Pozo, (3000) Santa Fe, Argentina.
Instituto de Ecologia, Genetica y Evolucion de Buenos Aires (IEGEBA), Universidad de Buenos Aires-Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas, Ciudad Universitaria, (1428) Ciudad Autonoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina.
In aquatic systems, an interplay between bottom-up and top-down processes determines the dynamic of picocyanobacteria (Pcy) abundance and community structure. Here, we analyzed a 10-year time series (sampled fortnightly) from a hypereutrophic turbid shallow lake located within the Pampa Region of South America, generating the first long-term record of freshwater Pcy from the Southern Hemisphere. We used a cytometric approach to study Pcy community, and focused on its relations with nutrient and light conditions (bottom-up) and potential grazers (top-down). A novel Pcy abundance seasonality with winter maximums was observed for years with relatively stable hydrological levels, related with decreased abundance of seasonal rotifers during colder seasons. Pcy showed lower abundance and higher cytometric alpha diversity during summer, probably due to a strong predation exerted by rotifers. In turn, a direct effect of the non-seasonal small cladocerans Bosmina spp. decreased Pcy abundance and induced a shift from single-cell Pcy into aggregated forms. This structuring effect of Bosmina spp. was further confirmed by Pcy cytometric (dis)similarity analyses from the time series and in situ experimental data. Remarkably, Pcy showed acclimatization to underwater light variations, resembling the relevance of light in this turbid system.
FEMS Microbiology Ecology 97(5): en prensa (2021)