Contrasting response of two Lotus corniculatus L. accessions to combined waterlogging-saline stress.
Antonelli, C. J., Calzadilla, P. I., Campestre, M. P., Escaray, F. J. and Ruiz, O. A.
Instituto Tecnologico de Chascomus (INTECH), UNSAM-CONICET, Chascomus, Bs As, Argentina.
Waterlogging and salinity impair crop growth and productivity worldwide, with their combined effects being larger than the additive effects of the two stresses separately. Here, a common forage tetraploid Lotus corniculatus (cv. San Gabriel) and a diploid L. corniculatus accession, collected from a coastal area with high frequency of waterlogging-saline stress events, were evaluated for tolerance to waterlogging, salinity and these two stresses combined. We hypothesize that, due to its environmental niche, the diploid accession would show better adaptation to combined waterlogging-saline stress compared to the tetraploid L. corniculatus. Plants were evaluated under control conditions, waterlogging, salinity and a combined waterlogging-saline treatment for 33 days. Shoot and root growth were assessed, together with chlorophyll fluorescence and gas exchange measurements. Results showed that salinity and waterlogging effects were more severe for the tetraploid accession, with a larger effect being observed under the combined stress condition. Concentrations of Na(+) , Cl(-) and K(+) were measured in apical and basal leaves, and in roots. A larger accumulation of Na(+) and Cl(-) was observed under both saline and combined stress treatments for the tetraploid L. corniculatus, for which ion toxicity effects were evident. The expression of CLC gene, coding for a Cl(-) transporter, was only increased in diploid L. corniculatus plants in response to the combined stress condition, suggesting that ion compartmentalization mechanisms were induced in this accession. Thus, this recently characterized L. corniculatus could be used for the introduction of new tolerance traits in other Lotus species used as forage.
Plant Biol (Stuttg) 23(2): 363-374 (2021)